What Is Landscaping?

A well-designed landscape adds value to a property. It involves adding plants, modifying the terrain and constructing structures like fences, walls and walkways.


Studies show that being around plants and trees is good for your mental health, reducing stress and boosting your mood. A well-designed yard will encourage you to spend more time outdoors. Visit to learn more.

A professional landscape design can add to the value of a property, make it more livable and enjoyable, encourage outdoor activity and support local wildlife. It also helps reduce energy costs through preserving and optimizing natural resources. Landscaping can be as simple as adding a few well-placed shrubs and trees to a yard or as complex as creating an outdoor kitchen, seating areas and fire pits.

To get started with the design process, create a base map of your property. This can be done on paper or using an online program. Include the dimensions of the house and perimeter lines. Also, note any existing features that cannot or will not be moved during the landscaping process. These might include rocks, waterways, buildings, poles and slopes. If you will use a planting plan for your design, be sure to include the types and colors of plants that will be planted.

The next step is to identify a style for your landscape design. To find inspiration, look through photos on websites such as Pinterest and Houzz. You can also download free apps that help you draw or design your landscape. Once you have a style in mind, consider the materials you want to use for your landscape and the overall aesthetic of the space. For example, a modern minimalistic design might require a lot of black and white furniture, while a cottage garden might benefit from a mix of greens and flower colors.

When deciding on the size and placement of each landscape feature, keep in mind the principles of composition, such as proportion, order, repetition, unity and balance. The proportion of the features should relate to the overall size of the yard, and each element should fit into a cohesive whole. Order is created through the symmetrical or asymmetrical placement of features, and repetition creates harmony. The unity of the landscape is achieved through the interconnection of different elements, as well as through the dominance and use of textures, colors and forms.

To minimize your environmental impact, choose native flora that can thrive in your climate, and incorporate low-water gardening techniques such as permeable paving, rain gardens and water retention basins. Likewise, you should use eco-friendly hardscapes and non-toxic preservatives, paints and cleaners for your landscape.


Landscapers install trees, shrubs, flowers, turfgrass, and other plants as part of a landscaping design. They also create hardscape elements such as walkways, patios, decks, retaining walls, fences, and water features using a wide variety of materials. Landscapers must consider climate, soil conditions, and drainage when choosing and installing plants and hardscape elements.

Landscaping can add to the value of a home and provide practical benefits. For example, well-maintained yards and gardens help keep pests away from houses. They also improve air flow around a house, which can reduce the need for air conditioning during hot weather and increase energy efficiency. In addition, the calming effect of trees and other vegetation can help to lower stress levels.

There are many different types of landscaping styles, each with its own unique characteristics and maintenance requirements. A landscaper will work with the homeowner to understand their goals and preferences, including their lifestyle needs. For example, some homeowners may want a garden that is easy to maintain while others may prefer a more formal landscape with manicured shrubbery and hedges.

A landscaper will also take into account the amount of sunlight the property receives as this can affect the type of plants that grow best. They will also look at the area’s typical rainfall and humidity to ensure the right kind of plants are chosen for the site. For example, a xeriscape (water-conserving) landscape uses drought-tolerant plants such as succulents and rocks to reduce water usage.

In addition to enhancing a home’s appearance, landscaping can have an impact on the environment by preserving or restoring natural resources. For instance, reseeding native grasses helps to prevent erosion and pollution. Moreover, planting trees and shrubs helps to reduce carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere, which contributes to global warming.

Landscaping can also encourage people to spend more time outdoors, which can help reduce stress and depression. This is because time spent in nature has been linked to the release of endorphins, which are the body’s natural “feel-good” chemicals. Therefore, it is important for everyone to make the most of their outdoor spaces and engage in some form of landscaping.


Landscapes are not self sustaining and require regular maintenance to keep them looking their best. This includes pruning, fertilizing, watering, mowing, edging, weed control and plant health care. It also involves addressing problems that may arise such as pests, disease, and environmental stressors. This type of service generally covers weekly or monthly visits to your property and can include anything from mowing, edging, mulching, tree trimming, shrub removal, aeration, dethatching, water testing, soil health assessments, and irrigation system repair or adjustment.

Landscape contractors can help you select and maintain the plants, trees, flowers, and shrubs that will grow best on your property. They can also install hardscape features such as walkways, patios, pavers, decks, fences, and water features like ponds and fountains to make your property even more attractive.

Some companies offer both landscaping and lawn care services, making it easier to have all of your yard work done by one company. This can save time and money, as you won’t have to coordinate between multiple providers. However, it’s important to understand what is and isn’t included in a typical maintenance plan so you can be prepared for any additional expenses.

Seasonal “enhancements” are another common way that landscapers add to the look of a yard. These typically involve temporary plantings in containers, planter boxes, and garden beds, often with a theme based on the season. These services also may include sprucing up paved surfaces, cleaning downspouts and gutters, and installing lighting or holiday decorations.

Landscapers often are trained to diagnose and treat plant diseases, insect infestations, and root rot issues. They can also perform pruning, aeration, and dethatching to improve the look of the lawn, as well as apply fertilizers, herbicides, and fungicides. They can also remove any invasive species and monitor the landscape for signs of drought or floods. It is a good idea to find a company that offers both landscaping and lawn care services, as they will likely have the equipment necessary to complete both projects. This will prevent any delays or costly mistakes that could result from having to rent or purchase a different piece of equipment.


The use of water is one of the most important aspects when landscaping. Water offers both a tranquil atmosphere and is a beautiful addition to any outdoor space. Landscape water features can be as simple as a small pond or fountain, or they can be more grand like a waterfall or tiered backyard pond. These features create a calm and soothing environment that can help relieve stress after a long day at work.

Besides being visually appealing, a water feature can offer many other benefits to the garden. For example, the sound of trickling water can reduce your blood pressure and boost your mood. Additionally, a water feature is an excellent way to add texture to your garden. The fluid movement of water creates an interesting contrast to the sedentary plants that are found in your yard.

Water can also add a sense of drama and excitement to your landscape. A rushing waterfall can set the mood for a romantic evening, and a bubbling birdbath can be a great place to observe wildlife. The ancient Chinese art of Feng Shui teaches that flowing water symbolizes wealth and success, so adding a water feature to your landscape can help increase the resale value of your home.

The goal of sustainable landscaping is to provide a healthy and attractive outdoor environment that is resilient to drought and other climate changes. The key to achieving this goal is to use native plants, which require little or no supplemental watering. Native plants are also more resistant to disease and insects, which can cause a significant amount of water loss from the soil.

Another method of saving water is by capturing and reusing rainwater. This can be done by building a rainwater harvesting system or installing an underground stormwater storage tank. This can be an excellent alternative to traditional irrigation methods that can be damaging to the environment.

Saving water outdoors must be a top priority for utilities and water customers alike. Water conservation strategies should be used in conjunction with efficient irrigation techniques to ensure the health of landscapes and their ecosystems. This includes proper irrigation scheduling, selecting water-efficient plants and implementing hardscaping.